Tajik researchers have upgraded domestic ventilator that was produced by employees of the Design Bureau of the National Academy of Sciences in May this year, Farhod Rahimi, the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, told reporters in Dushanbe on July 27.

“The ventilator created by Tajik researchers has been successfully tested at the emergency and first aid station in Dushanbe,” Rahimi said.  

According to him, the ventilator of Tajik model fully meets the standard parameters of devices of this type.

“Along with artificial ventilation, our ventilator also can detect blood oxygen levels and determine the state of patient heart,” he noted.

“The device is powered by electricity, weighs 5 kilograms and has no analogues in the world,” Rahimi added.    

The Ministry of Industry and New Technologies reportedly may stat serial production of Tajik ventilator, which is completely assembled from parts produced in the country itself.   

A ventilator is a machine that provides mechanical ventilation by moving breathable air into and out of the lungs, to deliver breaths to a patient who is physically unable to breathe, or breathing insufficiently. Ventilators are computerized microprocessor-controlled machines, but patients can also be ventilated with a simple, hand-operated bag valve mask.  Ventilators are chiefly used in intensive-care medicine, home care, and emergency medicine (as standalone units) and in anesthesiology (as a component of an anesthesia machine).

Ventilators are sometimes called "respirators", a term commonly used for them in the 1950s (particularly the “Bird respirator”).  However, contemporary hospital and medical terminology uses the word "respirator" to refer instead to a face-mask that protects wearers against hazardous airborne substances.